Parenting refers to the process of providing and supporting for a child’s physical, emotional, social, and cognitive developmental needs, from infancy to adulthood. This includes feeding the child when he/she is hungry, take care of his/her basic bodily needs, give him/her a safe and comfortable shelter to call home, love and cuddle him/her when he/she cries; as well as guide and teach him/her the ways of the society.
Baumrind (1966) studied different characteristics of parenting habits to formalize two distinct dimensions – Responsive/Unresponsive and Demanding/Undemanding.
Out of these two dimensions, she distilled three different styles of parenting –
- Authoritarian (Unresponsive and Demanding)
- Authoritative (Responsive and Demanding), and
- Permissive (Responsive and Undemanding).